a Solution to Mass Incarceration
In 1994, Congress eliminated all federal funding for college in prison. By the next year, 350 college programs closed. The prison system is filled with people who have never had access to higher education opportunities, with the vast majority of the men and women incarcerated in the United States coming from under-resourced communities and communities of color.
Access to meaningful, high quality, sustained higher educational opportunities can transform the lives of individuals in prison, their families and the communities to which they return.
College Education Reduces Recidivism
The inverse relationship between educational attainment and returning to prison is steep. According to a 2013 Rand Corporation study, those who go to college while incarcerated are 45% less likely to return to prison than those who do not. The United States currently incarcerates a higher share of its population than any other country in the world. Women are the fastest growing segment of the prison population, and African-American and Native-American women are disproportionately represented in the prison population. Most of the women in prison never finished high school.
Saves Money and Increases Public Safety
$1 = $2
For every $1 invested in education in prison, taxpayers save $2 in re-incarceration costs.
350 600 crimes
$1 million spent on incarceration prevents 350 crimes, whereas $1 million spent on education programs prevents 600 crimes.
A college program makes the prison safer for staff and other prisoners when the prisoners’ focus is on being a student.
College Education Fosters
Women in Washington prisons have often accrued significant debt; carry the stigma of incarceration; remain under-educated and barred from employment opportunities. This traps them in a cycle of poverty and a greater risk of their children being imprisoned.
Higher education can break this cycle.
Part of our college program consists in imparting the skills and environment that enables women in prison to begin to imagine themselves as students with a purpose and vision for their lives.
College Education Helps Women and Children
Most women incarcerated at Mission Creek and WCCW have had minimal access to education, come from impoverished backgrounds, and never finished high school.
According to our annual program survey…
Over 85% of our students have been victims of domestic abuse or sexual assault.
75% have children under eighteen for whom they will be the main care-taker upon release.
Many women report having struggled with depression, substance abuse and addiction prior to incarceration. All of these factors contribute to the growing incarceration rates of women in Washington.
Women who pursue higher education return to their communities and families with increased psychological stability and a significantly reduced likelihood of being involved in drug-use, crime and violence. This is crucial considering that the majority of our students are mothers.
“Just imagine how much the world could change if all lost and broken women could receive the opportunity of education that I am blessed with…money and time invested into a 5-credit class is such a small price to pay to give and get a life of freedom.”
-FEPPS student, Ginger Pratt
College Creates a Culture of Learning and Critical Engagement
Students are transformed by the experience of higher education.
“As a student, I am motivated not just by my desire to earn a degree, but by being in the classroom with other people who are accepting the challenge with me. When all of us reach that “Aha!” moment together, it’s like a second wind when I’m running. The moment you realize, “I can do this! I AM doing this!”
-Alyssa Knight, one of FEPPS first AA graduates
How lucky we are to have someone who is saying, “Rise to the occasion. We believe in you.” It is a rarity in this place, and I feel fortunate to be a part of such a groundbreaking program.